Domain Name FAQ
What is a Domain Name?
A domain name is an identification string that defines a realm of administrative autonomy, authority or control within the Internet. Domain names are formed by the rules and procedures of the Domain Name System (DNS). Any name registered in the DNS is a domain name. Domain names are used in various networking contexts and application-specific naming and addressing purposes. In general, a domain name represents an Internet Protocol (IP) resource, such as a personal computer used to access the Internet, a server computer hosting a web site, or the web site itself or any other service communicated via the Internet. In 2017, 330.6 million domain names had been registered.
Domain names are organized in subordinate levels (sub-domains) of the DNS root domain, which is nameless. The first-level set of domain names are the top-level domains (TLDs), including the generic top-level domains (gTLDs), such as the prominent domains com, info, net, edu, and org, and the country code top-level domains (ccTLDs). Below these top-level domains in the DNS hierarchy are the second-level and third-level domain names that are typically open for reservation by end-users who wish to connect local area networks to the Internet, create other publicly accessible Internet resources or run web sites.
A domain name, like www.coolexample.com, is a lot like a street address for a house or business. Let’s use the White House as an example. The street address, 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue, is an exact location — like an IP address. You might not know the exact street address, but when you visit Washington, D.C., you can tell your cabbie that you want to visit the White House and still get there. This is how a domain name is used: It’s an easy way to reach the exact location of a website without having to remember its numeric address.
A domain name consists of, at least, a top-level and a second-level domain. A top-level domain (TLD) is the part of the domain name located to the right of the dot (“.”). The most common TLDs are .com, .net, and .org.
Many domains, also called extensions, can be registered by anyone, like .com, .net, and .org. A second-level domain (SLD) is the portion of the domain name that is located immediately to the left of the dot and domain name extension. For example, the SLD in coolexample.com is coolexample.
Advanced Domain Name Description: A domain name represents a physical point on the Internet — an IP address. The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) governs coordination of the links between IP addresses and domain names across the Internet. With this standardized coordination, you can find websites on the Internet by entering domain names instead of IP addresses into your Web browser.
OnMax Host Knowledge Base – Domain Names
The OnMax Host Help Center contains detailed information on everything you need to know about domain names and domain name management at OnMax Host, as well as all our other products and services.
The Domains Knowledge Base Section of our Help Center contains all the information and instructions you need to understand domains and domain management at OnMax Host. Topics include:
- Discover Domains – Describes domains, how to check domain availability, and domain registration.
- Essential Domain Tasks such as unlocking your domain, updating contact information for domains with privacy, domain renewal, recovering expired domains, cancelling domain registration.
- Domain Registration Renewal describes how to renew your domain registration and how to turn on automatic domain renewal.
- Domain Privacy and Protection includes instructions on how to add privacy to domain registration and how to cancel privacy, how to add protected registration and cancel protected registration, as well as the definition of protected registration.
- Domain Transfer – This section includes instructions and the steps for transferring a domain name from another registrar to OnMax Host, and how to transfer domain from OnMax Host to another registrar.
- Moving a domain between accounts – This section describes how to move a domain name from one account to another account within OnMax Host, and how to accept or decline account changes.
- Parking, Forwarding and Sub-Domains – This section describes how to part a domain registered with OnMax Host and a domain register by another registrar, how to forward a domain, how to manually forward and mask a domain or sub-domain, and how to add a sub-domain.
- Nameservers and DNS – This section includes the definition of DNS, how to manage DNS Zone Files, how to change nameservers for your domain, and how to find your OnMax Host nameservers.